Goldenwings Horseshoes
Our Story
Our Story has been one of a constant pursuit of a sound horse with the ability to perform better than it ever has.

That pursuit has led us to the development of a revolutionary shoe for the horse that provides better protection and enhanced performance.

Goldenwings horseshoes are very light, almost barefoot in comparison to traditional heavy shoes.

Goldenwings become an extension of the flexibility, durability and protection offered by the natural hoof as it is made from material that is comparable  to that of the hoof capsule itself.
 
Goldenwings use the entire foot for traction rather than just the outside walls of the hoof.

Goldenwings permit flex to allow for additional shock absorption with each stride.

Here's the entire story: (Note Images to illustrate and illuminate the story will be added shortly)


GOLDENWINGS HORSESHOES

The most revolutionary horseshoe design in over 2000 years.

                                                                  

 

We have all heard the old saying about a horse’s hoof:  “no hoof, no horse”

This underlines how much the health and the strength of the hoof is critical to the horse’s overall soundness.  Isn’t it time to bring horseshoes up to modern day standards using up-to date science and modern technology to improve the health and soundness of today’s performance horse?

From ancient times to the present, man developed many methods to try and protect the hoof of the horse as mankind used the horse for his own needs and pleasure, but most of the methods used may have crippled more horses than they helped.

"We don't know what we don't know. Truth is found when we have the courage to question what we have been taught."
      

The Mission of Goldenwings Horseshoes - Integrity:  
Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed to accommodate the uses that mankind imposes on the horse using state of the art materials and using the Principles of Nature, Fibonacci’s Golden Ratio, and Leonardo Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions.  With these principles in mind, our mission is to help every horse remain sound, from hoof to the spine.  We want horses to be happy and preforming at their best.  If your horse could talk, your horse would say:  “Thank you for caring enough about me to use Goldenwings Horseshoes, I feel like a whole new horse”

What is the Golden Ratio?

Known as the Golden Ratio, the Golden Section, or Divine Proportion in nature as the basis for the individual growth of each part. The Fibonacci numbers are applicable to the growth of every living thing, Fibonacci numbers are Nature’s numbering system.  For example:  the horse’s hoof is a part of the entire structure of the horse.  This theory, when combined with the Leonardo Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions and our own experience with the shoeing of many different types of performance horses. Thus, the study of Di Vinci, Fibonacci and the medieval horseshoes designs have led us on our journey to the development of Goldenwings Horseshoes.

What is Leonardo Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions?

Leonardo Di Vinci is said to have believed ideal proportions are governed by harmonious proportions, that exist throughout and govern the Universe. Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions, and the Vitruvian Man; Leonardo believed that body proportions can often be used to relate two or more body parts to each other, and to the whole. Thus the Leonardo Di Vinci studies tie in very nicely with Fibonacci and his study on growth and proportions. The understanding of propositions allowed the creation of the statue of David from a block of granite.

 

What are the Principles of Nature?

A single digit bears the full proportion of the equine’s weight borne by the limb. Both wild and feral equine hoofs have enormous strength and resilience, allowing any gait on any ground. A common example of the feral horse type is the Mustang. Therefore, the Mustang hoof strength is in part a result of natural selection and environment. Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed protect, support, and encourage the principles of nature.

What are the Goals of Goldenwings Horseshoes?

To put it simply: Why have we been so long attempting to achieve hoof balance when the key lies with the base of the horse, the frog.  The frog stays the same, thus the place to begin each time we examine the hoof.  Our only Goals, the destination, is a sound horse with the ability to perform better than it has ever performed without injury.

Our goals are to:

  • Reduce overall leverage
  • Reduce Stone Bruises
  • Reduce Coffin Bone Injuries
  • Develop Stronger Hoof Walls
  • Increase More Natural weight distribution
  • Increase More Natural Shock Distribution
  • Create More evenly distributed Traction
  • Allow the Frog to perform its job
  • Prevent strain on suspensory ligaments, pasterns, tendons, shins, knees, hocks, stifles, shoulders, hips, and back
  • Reduce or eliminate lameness. Understand, from the hoof to the spine, less strain means fewer injuries and less lameness.
  • Allow the hoof to flex according to the terrain
  • Eliminate the heavy steel, aluminum and other heavy unbending material that have been used on the horses’ feet to protect them from man’s intervention in their lives.
  • Allow horses to perform with as close to a natural hoof as is possible, and yet, give them protection from those who love them.

What are the advantages of Goldenwings horseshoes?

Our shoes are designed to have many advantages over the obsolete shoes of the past and present

  For example:

  • Covering for the sole to provide protection
  • Allows the hoof to land square
  • Allows the hoof to land flat upon the entire hoof area, not just on the outside of the hoof walls.
  • Provide traction to the entire sole
  • Provide support to the outside walls of the hoof
  • Engage the frog with the terrain, to encourage good hoof health, provide cushion upon landing the stride, provide traction, and pump blood within the hoof and return via the circulatory system connected to the heart.
  • Much lighter weight than conventional  “modern” shoes, weighing only slightly more  than the hoof wall removed with the trimming to aid in soundness throughout the leg columns and back
  • Encourages the strength and resilience of the Mustang hoof in all horses
  • Made in the USA, using molds that produce consistent sizing, uniformity of weight, thickness, nail placement and  resiliency
  • Shoe material is comparable with the consistency of the hoof
  • The shoe flexes with hoof on any terrain and will not break or bend
  •  Shoe is always ready for the next stride to land flat and level

A Quick Review of the Hoof

The hoof of the horse contains over a dozen different structures, including bones, cartilage, tendons, and tissues. The coffin or pedal bone is the major hoof bone, supporting the majority of the weight. Under the coffin bone is the navicular bone, itself cushioned by the navicular bursa, a fluid filled sac. The main tendon in the hoof is the deep flexor tendon that connects to the bottom of the coffin bone. The digital cushion is a blood filled structure located in the middle of the hoof, which assists with blood flow throughout the leg. The digital cushion is a flexible material and is one of the primary shock absorbers of the foot.

As weight is placed upon the hoof, pressure is transferred onto the digital cushion then to the frog. The frog, a rubbery, as in elasticity, consistency, or texture, that simultaneously with the heel makes contact with the ground first. The frog presses up on the digital cushion becoming flattened under pressure and is forced outward within the hoof capsule. The frog as it is flattened tends to push against the bars and the flexible hoof capsule.  When the hoof is lifted, the frog and other flexible structures within the hoof capsule instantly return to their original position.

When the frog lands on the ground, it is believed blood is forced from the foot to the leg by the increase in pressure and by the change in shape of the digital cushion and the frog. The pressure upon landing and the change in hoof shape increase pressure in the foot. When the hoof is lifted off the terrain, the pressure is relieved and blood flows freely again. In this way, it is thought the movement of these structures in the hoof acts as a pump. At the top of the hoof wall is the corium, tissue which continually produces horn at the average rate of ¼” (6.35 mm) per month of the outer hoof shell, which is in turn is protected by layer of soft light-colored horn covering the coronary border of the hoof and serves as a transition between soft skin and hard hoof wall.

The hoof is made up by an outer part, the entire hoof capsule (composed of various cornified specialized structures) and an inner part, the living part, containing soft tissues and bone. The cornified material of the hoof capsule is different in structure and properties in different parts within the hoof capsule. Dorsally it covers, protects and supports P3 (also known as the coffin bone, pedal bone, P3. palmar/plantar, it covers and protects specialized soft tissues (tendons, ligaments, fibro-fatty and/or fibro cartilaginous tissues and cartilage). The upper, almost circular limit of the hoof capsule is the coronet (coronary band), having an angle to the ground of roughly similar magnitude in each pair of feet (i.e. fronts and backs). These angles may differ slightly from one horse to another, but not markedly.

The Walls

The walls are considered as a protective shield covering the sensitive internal hoof tissues (like the exoskeleton of arthropods), as a structure devoted to dissipating the energy of concussion, and as a surface to provide grip on different terrains in conjunction with the frog and the sole.

The walls are elastic and very tough, and vary in thickness from 6-12 mm. The walls are very resistant to contact to the ground, and serve mainly a support function.

Modern shoeing techniques do not provide for this connectivity by only using shoes which protect only the outer wall of the hoof. Current horseshoes are designed and used primarily to prevent excessive wear on the hoof walls, thereby causing the only the walls to support each stride, thus support the entire hoof using just the outer walls. 

It has been said Wild and Feral Horses use the entire foot for support with shorter toes, thicker soles and hooves with much higher angles and exerting less leverage with each stride than domesticated horses.

Just below the coronet, the walls are covered for about 1 inch (25.4 mm) by cornified, opaque ‘periople’ material. In the palmar/plantar part of the hoof, the periople is thicker and more rubbery over the heels, and merges with the frog material. Not all horses have the same amount of periople.

The Frog

The frog is a V shaped structure that extends forward across about two-thirds of the sole. Its thickness grows from the front to the back where it merges with the heel periople. In its midline, it has a central groove (sulcus) that extends up between the bulbs.

It is dark gray-blackish in color and of a rubbery consistency, believed to be a shock absorber for each stride and having the capacity to grip hard and/or smooth ground. It is believed the frog acts as a pump to move the blood throughout the hoof capsule, the leg, and move blood back to the heart.  If these beliefs are correct, would you agree the frog could be a very important part of the circulatory system?

The Sole

The sole has a whitish-yellowish, sometimes grayish color. It covers the space from the perimeter of the wall to the bars and the frog, on the underside of the hoof. Its deep layer has a compact, waxy character and is called ‘live sole’. Its surface is variable in character as a result of ground contact. The front portion beneath the front of the coffin bone is called the sole callus. It has been said, wild and feral horses have a thicker sole than domesticated horses. This feature may be Important to prevent stone bruises and coffin bone injury.

The Bars

Bars are the inward folds of the wall, originating from the heels at an abrupt angle. The strong structure built up by the extremity of the heel and of the bar is called the ‘heel buttress. The sole between the bars and the heel wall is called the “seat of the corn” and it is a very important landmark used by natural hoof trimmers to evaluate the correct heel height. The bars have a three layer structure, just as the walls. The horse lands primarily heel first with each stride, thus the extra strength of this area of the hoof to protect the entire hoof structure.

Internal structures horse hoof capsule view

 


Sagittal section of a horse hoof:

Pink- soft tissues

Light- gray: bones (P2, P3 and navicular bone)

Blue- tendons

Red- corium

Yellow-digital cushion

Dark gray: frog

Orange- sole

Brown- walls

The third phalanx (coffin bone; pedal bone; P3) is covered by the hoof capsule as is the navicular bone. The coffin bone has a crescent shape and a lower cup-like cavity. The outer surface is similar in shape to the wall's shape. The corium, layer between the wall and the coffin bone, has a parallel, laminar shape, and is named the laminae. Laminar connection has a key role in the strength and health of the hoof. Beneath the rear part of the sole, is the digital cushion, which separates the frog and the bulb from the underlying tendons, joints, and bones, providing cushioning protection. In the adult horse it hardens into a fibro cartilaginous tissue when sufficient, consistent concussion stimulates the back of the hoof.

Normal transformation of the digital cushion into fibro-cartilaginous tissue is considered by some to be a key goal, both for prevention of, and rehabilitation of recovering cases of navicular disease or syndrome. The flexor tendon lays deeper, along the posterior surface of the small pastern bone (P-2) and navicular bone, and connects with the posterior surface of P3. The navicular functions as a pulley. It is assumed and has been suggested Navicular Disease was thought to be heel pain causing the horse to place more weight on the toe, thus a toe landing. Navicular syndrome is a complicated change causing inflammation or damage to the deep digital flexor tendon, sesamoid ligaments, and the navicular bursa, the navicular bone, (contribute to Navicular Syndrome lameness) and is not fully understood. Some breeds are more susceptible than others.

The hoof mechanism

The hoof is not a rigid structure. It is elastic and flexible. Squeezing the heels by hand or using a hoof tester will prove that. When loaded, the hoof changes shape physically with the forces of concussion with each stride. An unloaded hoof is arched. When it touches the ground the wall edge, most of the sole, bars, and frog combine simultaneously to support the force of each stride. The shape changes in a loaded hoof are complex. The planter arch flattens, the solar cavity decreases in depth and heels spread. The hoof diameter increases to a dilated configuration and P3 drops marginally into the hoof capsule. The pressure rises and the blood is squeezed out, thus causing a secondary pumping action, with the flexion of the hoof, as it is raised off the terrain.

Barefoot hoof-lateral view.

(1)   Coronet band

(2)   walls

(3)   toe

(4)   quarter

(5)   heel

(6)   bulb 

(7)   P2  or small pastern

 Barefoot hoof- from below
 

(1)   bulb
(2)   frog
(3)   central groove
(4)   collateral groove (5)  heel                                                                                                          (6)   bar
(7)   seat of corn
(8)   pigmented walls (external layer)
(9)   water line (inner layer)
(10)  white line
(11)  apex of frog
(12)  sole
(13)  toe
(14)  how to measure width
(15)  quarter
(16)  how to measure length
(17)  heel perioplium

Note the frog in this illustration:  Excessively paring the frog removes the shock absorption, traction, cushion, and flexibility and its ability to pump blood. We do not advocate paring the frog in this manner.

Barefoot horses have problems to overcome.  The barefoot movement claims such strength can be almost completely restored to domesticated horses with appropriate trimming to the extent horseshoes may not be necessary.

But….

  • Almost every discipline for which man uses horses including endurance, sports, racing, trail riding, added weight, rider, tack, equipment, pulling, etc., cause increased strain to be placed upon the hoof.
  • Manmade surfaces such as concrete, asphalt, and gravel increases strain upon the hoof in addition to wearing into the sensitive hoof tissue.
  • Goldenwings agree, horseshoes are necessary when humans are involved with a horse. It has been said one horse can do the average work mankind puts to the task as 10 horses without shoes.  Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed for the best results for the health of the horse.

Ordinary horseshoes don’t permit normal hoof flexing, thus only permitting the walls to absorb the forces of landing on firm terrain. Ordinary horseshoes may break entirely, or bend and remain bent until removed and replaced or straightened.

Currently horseshoes are primarily made with little or no traction provided to avoid slipping. Slipping produces injuries to each of the structures from stress, in addition to the excessive leverage because of the weight of the horse shoes. Excessive weight of ordinary horseshoes cause injuries, can cause lameness, or movement at an abnormal gait. Many problems with horses’ legs can be related to improper trimming, long toes, low heels, heavy shoes, slipping, and losing traction.

Equine experts and veterinarians agree improper trimming and shoeing are the cause of soundness problems with horses of all gaits and performing in all aspects and disciplines of horse competition and use.

Limbs of the Horse are structures made of dozens of bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments that support the weight of the equine body. They include two apparatuses: the suspensory apparatus, which carries the weight, prevents overextension of the joint and absorbs shock, and the stay apparatus, which locks major joints in the limbs, allowing horses to remain standing while asleep. The limbs play a major part of the movement of the horse. The legs perform the function of absorbing impact, bearing weight, and provide thrust. The hooves are also important providing support, traction, and shock absorption, and containing structures which provide blood flow through the entire leg.

Limb Anatomy

The front legs of the horse runs from the scapula or shoulder blade to the navicular bone, including the humerus -arm, radius -forearm, ulna -elbow, carpal  -knee, large metacarpal -cannon, small metacarpal -splint, sesamoid, first phalanx -long pastern second phalanx -short pastern and third phalanx -coffin or pedal bone (and the foundation or base of every horse, the frog}.

Each hind leg of the horse runs from the pelvis to the navicular bone, including the femur -thigh, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsal -hock, large metatarsal -cannon and small metatarsal -splint bones with the arrangement of sesamoid and phalanx bones the same as the front legs. The joints in the front legs are the elbow, knee, and fetlock, pastern, and coffin joints. The hind leg joints are the stifle and hocks in the upper portion, and the same arrangement of fetlock, pastern, and coffin joints as the lower front legs.

The Coffin Bone            

 

The coffin bone is one of the mysteries of horses.  This small bone, inside the hoof, at the end of the leg is the supporting structure for the rest of the horse.  In the natural state, the horse would spend much of his day walking and trotting over vast open areas on soft grassy footing.  But when man controls and uses the horse, the coffin bone suffers much more abuse with hard surfaces, cantering and galloping with the extra weight of rider and tack, jumping and much tighter turns than would happen in nature.  Laminitis, navicular issues and arthritis of coffin bone are complex problems that have their root in what we ask of our horses.  Goldenwings horseshoes are designed to help stabilize the hoof and protect the coffin bone and surrounding soft tissues.  All of this should help horses remain productive and have much longer careers.



The Coffin bone is shown in relationship to an ordinary horseshoe.  It is the horse shoe shaped bone inside the hoof at the end of the bony structures of the leg.





Goldenwings horseshoes lie under the coffin bone and aid in protecting the coffin bone.
Which do you think would be the best?

Muscles, Tendons, and Ligaments

There are three main muscle groups of the forelimb. The triceps muscle straightens the elbow and foreleg, running from the elbow to the bottom of the shoulder blade. The muscles which extend the lower leg are called extensor muscles, while the flexion of the lower leg joints is achieved through the flexor muscles. There are five main muscles and muscle groups in the hind legs. The vastus muscles flexes the hind leg and runs from stifle to hip, while the gluteal muscles, the large muscles in the hip, extend the femur. Forward motion and flexion of the hind legs is achieved through the movement of the quadriceps group of muscles on the front of the femur. The muscles at the back of the hindquarters, called the hamstring group, provide forward motion of the body and rearward extension of the hind limbs. Extension of the hock is achieved by the Achilles tendon, located above the hock.

 

There are two apparatus in the limbs of the horse, the suspensory apparatus, and the stay apparatus. The fetlock joint is supported by the group of lower leg ligaments, tendons, and bones known as the suspensory apparatus. This apparatus carries the weigh, prevents overextension of the joint and absorbs shock. It also helps provide a rebound effect, which assists the foot in leaving the ground. The suspensory apparatus consists of the suspensory ligament, check ligament, the deep flexor tendon, and the sesamoid bones. Horses use a group of ligaments, tendons, and muscles known as the stay apparatus to lock major joints in the limbs, allowing them to remain standing while relaxed or asleep. The lower part of the stay apparatus includes the major attachment, extensor and flexor muscles and tendons, as well as the reciprocal joints of the hock and stifle.

Description of Movement

The sequence of movement in which a horse takes a step is called a stride.

Structural Defects 

“No Legs, no horse” and “no hoof, no horse” are common sayings in the equine world. Individual horses may have structural defects, some lead to poor movement or lameness, while other defects and blemishes may not directly cause lameness. Improper trimming and shoeing can often put stress on other parts of the body that cause lameness.

 

Lameness and Injuries

 Lameness in horses is the movement at an abnormal gait due to pain in any part of the body, spine (back), shoulders, hips, legs, and feet. Horses with poor confirmation and congenital conditions are more likely to develop lameness. Other causes for lameness, are trauma, infection, and acquired abnormalities.

 The most common cause of poor performance in equine athletes, according to many experts and veterinarians, is lameness caused by abnormalities in the muscular or skeletal systems, due to improper trimming and shoeing techniques, (long toe, low heel).

What can Goldenwings Horseshoes do for your horse?

 

Goldenwings Horseshoes are based upon the frog, the foundation of every hoof. We begin every trim and shoe fitting with the frog. The impact zone on the bottom of the hoof includes the sole, which has an outer insensitive layer and a sensitive inner layer and the frog. The frog remains the basis for the other co-joined elements of the hoof capsule, both inside and unseen, and outside. Hoof walls continue to grow. The frog remains relatively the same, it grows very slowly as the horse reaches maturity, and then remains very close the same size over the horse’s entire lifetime, thus Goldenwings guide to determine correct proportions for the hoof as outlined by Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions and Fibonacci’s Golden Ratio and Divine Proportion in Nature. Only the hoof walls grow. Without the aid of nature’s trimming or man’s trimming horses hooves continue to grow, causing injury, or badly gaited, or entire lameness if left unattended and neglected.

Goldenwings Horseshoes expose the frog and provide the hoof with protection, shock absorption, traction, cushion, and flexibility, further to allow the frog to perform its job of compression within the hoof capsule to provide blood flow within the hoof capsule and throughout the leg.

Goldenwings Horseshoes cover the sole to provide sole protection to prevent many sole bruises at the same time, exposing the frog to allow it to do its job.

Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed to accommodate all the areas the hoof capsule with protection, providing for a short toe and higher heal with angle of 52 degrees (low end of the desired angles) and more preferred higher angles to eliminate leverage and injuries to tendons, ligaments and the entire supporting structure from the hoof to the spine.

It has been said when the US Calvary purchased horses for their use from individuals or other sources the first thing they did was to raise the angles in the front to 56 degrees to prevent lameness from the discipline for which they were intended, thus the rear were also raised to correspond.

Our experience has shown when stifle problems occur or are a problem we have successfully raised both front and rear angles up to 63 degrees to correct and/or improve stifle problems.

Goldenwings Horseshoe concept is designed for the foot to be trimmed and the shoe applied to the foot in a manner to aid the shorter toes with added protection, designed for traction and support for the entire foot including the coffin bone, and the use of the entire foot for traction and support the entire foot rather than just the outside walls of the hoof.  

Goldenwings Horseshoes have nail holes designed to place the nail properly within the white line in the event the hoof wall has been damaged due to trauma or injury.



Goldenwings are designed to allow the entire foot to become the bearing surface
as it lands upon the ground heel first, just as the natural hoof is designed to become the entire bearing surface. Goldenwings Horseshoes are totally different from current horseshoes where the wall only is the bearing surface with each stride.

Goldenwings Horseshoes allow for the frog to be exposed to the ground surface with each stride to perform its normal function within the shock absorption mechanism, provide traction on varying surfaces, and continue as an important part of the blood circularity system.  In the stabled horse, the frog does not wear, but degrades, due to bacterial and fungal activity, to an irregular, soft, slashed surface attracting thrush in the collateral grooves to an extent the frog may be consumed by fungal attack.

Goldenwings Horseshoes allow for the frog to continue to remain hard and calloused.  The frog protects the hoof capsule when in contact with the terrain.

Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed to flex with each stride similar to the hoof capsule. Goldenwings provide for additional shock absorption by providing a concave area directly above the tip of the coffin bone to flex and absorb shock similar to a catcher’s mitt.  The concave area collects a thin layer of fine dirt to provide additional padding on contact.

 

This feature allows the sole to continue to perform as support, to be in active contact with the shoe and ground. The shoe acts as a protective pad for the sole and coffin bone with up to 14 mm thickness of flexible additional sole protection between the sole and the terrain acting to aid with prevention of stone bruising. Stone bruises are caused by a stone or sharp type of object, landings from high jumps, and excessive exposure to snow. A major symptom is lameness.

Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed and fitted from the heel buttress forward, where the most concussion occurs with each stride. This added protection can aid in prevention or relief from the navicular syndrome. The shoe covers the entire surface upon which the foot lands for both support and protection. Goldenwings’ Trimming Principals begin with the heel.

Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed for protection of the entire hoof capsule upon landing of each stride with more square inches of hoof protection than ordinary horseshoes. It is believed the hoof mechanism ensures effective blood circulation within the hoof, and it aids overall circulation, too. Goldenwings addresses each of these requirements of a sound and healthy hoof providing flexibility and protection with each stride.

Goldenwings Horseshoes become an extension of the flexibility, durability, and protection offered by the natural hoof and are made with material comprising the protective qualities of the hoof itself. Flexibility, the ability to adapt and provide a similar soundness as found in feral horses, such as said to be found in Mustangs. Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed to provide a similar soundness as found in feral horses.

Goldenwings Horseshoes are made from material similar in characteristics with the natural hoof, very light in weight, and designed to reduce leverage. The traction design is self-cleaning with every stride, forcing dirt and debris from the traction area of the shoe upon landing each stride thus enabling the shoe to gain a new purchase of terrain for the next power stride without excessive slipping.



Goldenwings Horseshoes with proper trimming can aid in prevention of lameness from the hoof to the spine. Trimming is the key.

 Goldenwings Horseshoes protect the Coffin Bone.  Goldenwings Horseshoes are designed to give direct protection to the coffin bone and the sole with up to 14 mm of shoe material between the hoof and the terrain while allowing the frog to perform its job.

Movement

The sequence of movement in which a horse takes a step is called a stride. Goldenwings Horseshoes have been designed specifically from the hoof to the spine to aid, preserve, and protect each of the muscle groups, tendons, ligaments, bones described herein, all responsible for making the stride possible to provide the solution for the following sequence within each stride by providing the following benefits.

The Goldenwings Horseshoe takes into account the four parts of each movement.  During each step, with each leg, a horse completes four movements.

(1) The swing phase – the clearance and lack of interference with the other legs and feet.

(2)  The grounding or impact phase- Goldenwings Horseshoes are light in weight reducing leverage, and allowing for quicker strides and less stress on all supporting factors with the movement of the horse. There is up to 14 mm of protection for the hoof, including the sole. Goldenwings are designed to serve as a cushion upon impact with similar material as the hoof itself to flex with the foot rather than bend or break as occurs with ordinary horseshoes.

(3)  The loading phase- Goldenwings Horseshoes flex with the hoof and returns to the shape needed for the next stride. It has a tread designed to be self-cleaning, to push the dirt or debris from the traction bars upon landing similar to an ATV or mud and snow tire while supporting the entire foot on impact with the terrain, and prohibit slipping for the next stride.

(4)  The unloading or thrusting phase- Goldenwings Horseshoes helps eliminate leverage and reduces the effect of long toe, low heel on all ligaments, tendons, muscle groups, suspensory apparatus, and bones up the entire support system to the horse’s back. While the horse uses muscles throughout its body to move, the legs and hooves perform the functions of absorbing impact, bearing weight, and providing thrust.

Good movement is symmetrical, straight, free and coordinated, all which depend upon many factors, including conformation, soundness, care and training of the horse, plus terrain and footing. The conformation, proportions and length of the bones and muscles in the legs, can impact the way an individual horse moves. The angles of certain bones, especially in the hind leg, shoulders, and pasterns also affect movement. The forelegs carry the majority of the weight, with exact percentages depending upon speed and gait. At one point in the gallop, all weight is resting on one front hoof. Goldenwings Horseshoes addresses these factors for the benefit of the horse.

“Form to Function” is a term used in the equestrian world to mean that the “correct” form or structure of a horse is determined by the function for which it will be used. The legs used for cutting, in which quick starts, stops, and turns are required, will be shorter and more thickly built than those of a Thoroughbred racehorse, where forward speed is most important. However, despite the difference in bone structure needed for various uses, correct trimming and proper shoeing remains similar.

Traction without slipping, sole protection from penetration of stones and other objects, shoes that flex with the hoof rather than bend or break, proper angles to avoid long toes and low heels to eliminate unnecessary leverage on any portion or the entire anatomy of the horse, are the reasons for the Goldenwings Horseshoe, to provide for and preserve the integrity of the entire structure of the horse from the ground up.

Structural Defects  

“No Legs, no horse” and “no hoof, no horse” are common sayings in the equine world. Individual horses may have structural defects, some lead to poor movement or lameness, while other defects and blemishes may not directly cause lameness. Improper trimming and shoeing can often put stress on other parts of the body that cause lameness.

Lameness and Injuries

Lameness in horses is the movement at an abnormal gait due to pain in any part of the body, spine (back), shoulders, hips, legs, and feet. Horses with poor confirmation and congenital conditions are more likely to develop lameness. Other causes for lameness, are trauma, infection, and acquired abnormalities.

The most common cause of poor performance in equine athletes, according to many experts and veterinarians, is lameness caused by abnormalities in the muscular or skeletal systems, due to improper trimming and shoeing techniques, (long toe, low heel). The newly designed Goldenwings horseshoe, with its unique method of trimming, where the shoe is fitted to the heel, with angles higher than 52 degrees, succeeds in removing the long toe, low heel, and provides protection for the entire hoof, sole, ligaments, tendons, knees, shoulders, including the entire horse’s anatomy. The majority of lameness is found in the forelimbs, with upwards of 95% stemming from the knee down. Lameness in the hind limbs is caused by problems in the hock and/or stifle upwards of 80% of the time. Proper trimming and shoeing prohibits most of these causes of lameness. Leg injuries, that are not immediately fatal, may contribute to life threatening conditions, as a horse’s weight must be distributed evenly on all four legs to prevent circulatory problems, laminitis, Navicular syndrome/disease, other serious infections, and injuries. Could it be possible Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions and the Fibonacci numbers, Golden Ratio, the Golden Section, or Divine Proportion in nature might be helpful to prevent these lameness, too?

APPLICATION AND TRIMMING FOR GOLDENWINGS HORSESHOES

 

As with any project or journey you must know where you are to begin if you expect to arrive at your destination with a successful conclusion. We recommend you have the following tools to make accurate measurements.

Hoof divider                 






Measurer Including Millimeters  




T Square Adjustable (HMS) to be positive the hoof is level in alignment with the leg.

 

Measure the angle carefully to determine the angle before trimming. Measure the toe length from the point here the hair line ends on the hoof below the Coronal band to the base of the toe. Make notes before and after trimming. Why make accurate measurements? Everyone with knowledge of optical illusions knows the eye and the mind play tricks on what the actual facts are.

Accurate Hoof Gauge (suggested brands, available from farrier supply companies.)

                                    

Finnegan      NC Cavalry #1 or #2          Ruidoso              Ward & Story

Hoof Gauge

Did you know that 80% of all lameness problems come from incorrect shoeing? The Journal of the American Veterinary Medicine Association reported that American horse owners lose $800 million in lameness problems every year. It has been well documented for centuries that incorrect hoof balance, improper angles of hoof, insufficient frog size and adequate sole thickness are among the major causes of lameness.

Hoof Gauge

Check the proper angulations of each hoof and check for inconsistencies and balance of each hoof. Angles need to be at least between 50-55 degrees for front feet, matching pair and at least between 55-60 degrees for back feet, matching pair. With a Hoof Gauge you can check the angles of your horses feet, thus own the best insurance you can ever buy for avoiding lameness for your horse.

Old timers will say they have an experienced eye. Check out the following optical illusions, or go online to see more on what their eye may be seeing if they have the same kind of eyes you have. Most of us see what we believe to be the facts and yet when the average witness testifies in a court of law against a video camera, or camera of any kind, the camera is usually right, the witness is wrong. The reason good architects and engineers use squares, compasses, and rulers when they built something right, even a dog house, is the same reason a blacksmith or farrier uses a hoof gauge.

Examples of optical illusions found on line: 





Goldenwings only Goal, is the destination and/or end result we expect, a sound horse with the ability to perform better than it has ever performed, without injury.

The Heel

We begin with the premise that every stride lands heel first by choice where the terrain permits.

The heel contains the most strength, already built into the hoof, to provide for landing each stride. Beginning with the hoof wall surrounding the entire hoof capsule it makes a sharp turn (“V”) at each heel buttress on the hoof and moves forward toward the toe along each side of the frog. These areas called bars and provide extra support to protect the foot on impact with the terrain.

The Frog

The frog is believed to do different things simultaneously. The first is to act as a shock absorber upon impact. The second is to provide for blood flow within the hoof capsule, the legs, and as an aid to the circulatory system to the heart. The frog with its rubbery consistency also serves the hoof as traction to grip the surface of the terrain.

The frog is the absolute base of the horse. The frog remains a constant size based upon the size of the hoof and horse. The frog doesn’t grow each month as do other areas, walls and heel of the hoof. The frog is where proportion and a balanced foot begin based upon the Di Vinci Canon of Proportions and Fibonacci growth patterns in the Universe.

Trim and clean the collateral groove on each side of the frog to remove debris and any area where thrush might find a pace to thrive. Trim the area of contact with the terrain, very sparingly, removing only loose or torn edges.

 DO NOT OVERTRIM OR PARE AWAY THE FROG. Allow the frog to do its job and to trim itself with use.

Measure the distance from the apex (tip or front) of the frog to the “V” on each heel and carefully note the length of each side of the frog. You may find a slight difference and need to split the difference to determine the proper toe length. This average length of each side of the frog will determine the toe length from the hair line at the Coronary Band to the toe where it meets the terrain. The toe length may be a bit shorter to accommodate the shoe thickness, but not longer to avoid excessive leverage. This measurement normally provides for a 52 degree or much higher angle to reduce leverage and relieve stress on tendons, ligaments, legs, knees, and the entire structure of the horse from the ground to the back. Splitting the difference in length, making this measurement the length of the toe, or making the toe slightly less will bring the foot into balance within a couple of trims. This measurement, Fibonacci’s Golden Ratio, Divine Proportion in nature, when combined with Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions, thus Goldenwings.

Proportions achieve Balance

We believe in proper proportions to achieve balance as did Leonardo Di Vinci, who based his keen interest with the “Vitruvian Man and his Canon of Proportions he believed to be universal.

Trim the heel to the base where it joins the bar ant the “V” (heel buttress).proceed to remove the hoof wall even with the sole around to the other heel. Look at the foot to be sure it is level, better yet - use the T Square.

Before applying a Goldenwings horseshoe make a note of the finished hoof angle and toe measurements to maintain your records.

Measure the width of the hoof at the widest part in millimeters as shown on page 7 (across the frog from side to side). This measurement when combined with the frog measurement described above, Fibonacci’s Golden Ratio, Divine Proportion in nature, when combined with Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions, thus determines the front and rear sizes of Goldenwings horseshoes for this horse. The Canon of Proportions when the shoe is fitted to the heel properly will be the correct length to allow the frog to be exposed, to do its job. Goldenwings will help to protect the coffin bone from injury, and provide for a slight part of the toe to be removed on the same 60 degree angle as the angle on the toe of the shoe from bottom to the top of the shoe. This angle at the toe of the shoe is designed to relieve leverage. The amount of toe trimmed here is usually comparable or less than the hoof might self-trim over varying terrain if no shoes were installed. Goldenwings are designed to fit the entire hoof capsule rather than a hoof rasped to fit a shoe. The Goldenwings shoes can be rasped to fit the hoof if necessary being very careful not to rasp hoof wall if possible. To maintain the integrity and natural strength of the flexible hoof walls don’t rasp clinch channels for nails. Clinch block the nails and remove only the turned over nail without touching the hoof wall if possible, the nails will hold.

The Goldenwings horseshoes fit should result in a small portion of toe extending from the shoe. Remove this small portion of toe with nippers or rasp at a 60 degree angle. Carefully note:   the small 60 degree angle guide on the toe of the shoe on the bottom (traction side) to the top of the shoe where it meets the hoof. The toe of the hoof should be trimmed even with the front of the shoe for ease of break over resulting in a blunt toe as a feral or wild horse might have, to match the shoe, to avoid leverage.

Our experience has shown the second or third application of Goldenwings Horseshoes with proper trimming principals will sometimes result in a reduction of shoe size as the foot begins to reshape as it achieves balance according to Di Vinci’s Canon of Proportions and Fibonacci golden ratio numbers of hoof growth for the size of the horse, thus resizing the hoof capsule.

Caution

As with any special foot problems, we suggest you contact a veterinarian for advice regarding pre-existing conditions before you begin to apply Goldenwings Horseshoes, or any horseshoes, or perform trimming procedures.

 

RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS AGREEMENT

By proceeding with and following the Goldenwings Horseshoe Trimming Principals, I understand that my participation and/or involvement in {Trimming according the Goldenwings Horseshoes Trimming Principals} carries with it the potential for certain risks, some of which may not be reasonably foreseeable.

I further acknowledge trimming or putting horseshoes on any horse has risks, including Goldenwings Horseshoes, that these risks could cause me, the horse being trimmed, or others around me, harm, including, but not limited to, bodily injury, damage to property, emotional distress, or death.

I am a willing participant of my own free will and accord, in the performance of {Trimming according the Goldenwings Horseshoes Trimming Principals}.

By proceeding with Trimming any horse by the Goldenwings Horseshoe Trimming Principals, and/or installing Goldenwings Horseshoes, I agree to release, indemnify, and hold harmless {Goldenwingshorseshoes.comLLC}, as well as all {their/its} employees, agents, representatives, successors, etc. from all losses, claims, theft, demands, liabilities, causes of action, or expenses, known or unknown, arising out of my {participation in, or performing of the recommended Goldenwings Horseshoes Trimming Principals} {including any perceived damage occurring to the horse}.

 

 

 




 
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